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essai 1

master
Frédéric Gallais 1 year ago
commit
3aac06ae17
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init/init.ino View File

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void setup()
{
}
void loop()
{
}

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libraries/AFMotor/AFMotor.cpp View File

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// Adafruit Motor shield library
// copyright Adafruit Industries LLC, 2009
// this code is public domain, enjoy!
#if (ARDUINO >= 100)
#include "Arduino.h"
#else
#include <avr/io.h>
#include "WProgram.h"
#endif
#include "AFMotor.h"
static uint8_t latch_state;
#if (MICROSTEPS == 8)
uint8_t microstepcurve[] = {0, 50, 98, 142, 180, 212, 236, 250, 255};
#elif (MICROSTEPS == 16)
uint8_t microstepcurve[] = {0, 25, 50, 74, 98, 120, 141, 162, 180, 197, 212, 225, 236, 244, 250, 253, 255};
#endif
AFMotorController::AFMotorController(void) {
}
void AFMotorController::enable(void) {
// setup the latch
/*
LATCH_DDR |= _BV(LATCH);
ENABLE_DDR |= _BV(ENABLE);
CLK_DDR |= _BV(CLK);
SER_DDR |= _BV(SER);
*/
pinMode(MOTORLATCH, OUTPUT);
pinMode(MOTORENABLE, OUTPUT);
pinMode(MOTORDATA, OUTPUT);
pinMode(MOTORCLK, OUTPUT);
latch_state = 0;
latch_tx(); // "reset"
//ENABLE_PORT &= ~_BV(ENABLE); // enable the chip outputs!
digitalWrite(MOTORENABLE, LOW);
}
void AFMotorController::latch_tx(void) {
uint8_t i;
//LATCH_PORT &= ~_BV(LATCH);
digitalWrite(MOTORLATCH, LOW);
//SER_PORT &= ~_BV(SER);
digitalWrite(MOTORDATA, LOW);
for (i=0; i<8; i++) {
//CLK_PORT &= ~_BV(CLK);
digitalWrite(MOTORCLK, LOW);
if (latch_state & _BV(7-i)) {
//SER_PORT |= _BV(SER);
digitalWrite(MOTORDATA, HIGH);
} else {
//SER_PORT &= ~_BV(SER);
digitalWrite(MOTORDATA, LOW);
}
//CLK_PORT |= _BV(CLK);
digitalWrite(MOTORCLK, HIGH);
}
//LATCH_PORT |= _BV(LATCH);
digitalWrite(MOTORLATCH, HIGH);
}
static AFMotorController MC;
/******************************************
MOTORS
******************************************/
inline void initPWM1(uint8_t freq) {
#if defined(__AVR_ATmega8__) || \
defined(__AVR_ATmega48__) || \
defined(__AVR_ATmega88__) || \
defined(__AVR_ATmega168__) || \
defined(__AVR_ATmega328P__)
// use PWM from timer2A on PB3 (Arduino pin #11)
TCCR2A |= _BV(COM2A1) | _BV(WGM20) | _BV(WGM21); // fast PWM, turn on oc2a
TCCR2B = freq & 0x7;
OCR2A = 0;
#elif defined(__AVR_ATmega1280__) || defined(__AVR_ATmega2560__)
// on arduino mega, pin 11 is now PB5 (OC1A)
TCCR1A |= _BV(COM1A1) | _BV(WGM10); // fast PWM, turn on oc1a
TCCR1B = (freq & 0x7) | _BV(WGM12);
OCR1A = 0;
#else
#error "This chip is not supported!"
#endif
pinMode(11, OUTPUT);
}
inline void setPWM1(uint8_t s) {
#if defined(__AVR_ATmega8__) || \
defined(__AVR_ATmega48__) || \
defined(__AVR_ATmega88__) || \
defined(__AVR_ATmega168__) || \
defined(__AVR_ATmega328P__)
// use PWM from timer2A on PB3 (Arduino pin #11)
OCR2A = s;
#elif defined(__AVR_ATmega1280__) || defined(__AVR_ATmega2560__)
// on arduino mega, pin 11 is now PB5 (OC1A)
OCR1A = s;
#else
#error "This chip is not supported!"
#endif
}
inline void initPWM2(uint8_t freq) {
#if defined(__AVR_ATmega8__) || \
defined(__AVR_ATmega48__) || \
defined(__AVR_ATmega88__) || \
defined(__AVR_ATmega168__) || \
defined(__AVR_ATmega328P__)
// use PWM from timer2B (pin 3)
TCCR2A |= _BV(COM2B1) | _BV(WGM20) | _BV(WGM21); // fast PWM, turn on oc2b
TCCR2B = freq & 0x7;
OCR2B = 0;
#elif defined(__AVR_ATmega1280__) || defined(__AVR_ATmega2560__)
// on arduino mega, pin 3 is now PE5 (OC3C)
TCCR3A |= _BV(COM1C1) | _BV(WGM10); // fast PWM, turn on oc3c
TCCR3B = (freq & 0x7) | _BV(WGM12);
OCR3C = 0;
#else
#error "This chip is not supported!"
#endif
pinMode(3, OUTPUT);
}
inline void setPWM2(uint8_t s) {
#if defined(__AVR_ATmega8__) || \
defined(__AVR_ATmega48__) || \
defined(__AVR_ATmega88__) || \
defined(__AVR_ATmega168__) || \
defined(__AVR_ATmega328P__)
// use PWM from timer2A on PB3 (Arduino pin #11)
OCR2B = s;
#elif defined(__AVR_ATmega1280__) || defined(__AVR_ATmega2560__)
// on arduino mega, pin 11 is now PB5 (OC1A)
OCR3C = s;
#else
#error "This chip is not supported!"
#endif
}
inline void initPWM3(uint8_t freq) {
#if defined(__AVR_ATmega8__) || \
defined(__AVR_ATmega48__) || \
defined(__AVR_ATmega88__) || \
defined(__AVR_ATmega168__) || \
defined(__AVR_ATmega328P__)
// use PWM from timer0A / PD6 (pin 6)
TCCR0A |= _BV(COM0A1) | _BV(WGM00) | _BV(WGM01); // fast PWM, turn on OC0A
//TCCR0B = freq & 0x7;
OCR0A = 0;
#elif defined(__AVR_ATmega1280__) || defined(__AVR_ATmega2560__)
// on arduino mega, pin 6 is now PH3 (OC4A)
TCCR4A |= _BV(COM1A1) | _BV(WGM10); // fast PWM, turn on oc4a
TCCR4B = (freq & 0x7) | _BV(WGM12);
//TCCR4B = 1 | _BV(WGM12);
OCR4A = 0;
#else
#error "This chip is not supported!"
#endif
pinMode(6, OUTPUT);
}
inline void setPWM3(uint8_t s) {
#if defined(__AVR_ATmega8__) || \
defined(__AVR_ATmega48__) || \
defined(__AVR_ATmega88__) || \
defined(__AVR_ATmega168__) || \
defined(__AVR_ATmega328P__)
// use PWM from timer0A on PB3 (Arduino pin #6)
OCR0A = s;
#elif defined(__AVR_ATmega1280__) || defined(__AVR_ATmega2560__)
// on arduino mega, pin 6 is now PH3 (OC4A)
OCR4A = s;
#else
#error "This chip is not supported!"
#endif
}
inline void initPWM4(uint8_t freq) {
#if defined(__AVR_ATmega8__) || \
defined(__AVR_ATmega48__) || \
defined(__AVR_ATmega88__) || \
defined(__AVR_ATmega168__) || \
defined(__AVR_ATmega328P__)
// use PWM from timer0B / PD5 (pin 5)
TCCR0A |= _BV(COM0B1) | _BV(WGM00) | _BV(WGM01); // fast PWM, turn on oc0a
//TCCR0B = freq & 0x7;
OCR0B = 0;
#elif defined(__AVR_ATmega1280__) || defined(__AVR_ATmega2560__)
// on arduino mega, pin 5 is now PE3 (OC3A)
TCCR3A |= _BV(COM1A1) | _BV(WGM10); // fast PWM, turn on oc3a
TCCR3B = (freq & 0x7) | _BV(WGM12);
//TCCR4B = 1 | _BV(WGM12);
OCR3A = 0;
#else
#error "This chip is not supported!"
#endif
pinMode(5, OUTPUT);
}
inline void setPWM4(uint8_t s) {
#if defined(__AVR_ATmega8__) || \
defined(__AVR_ATmega48__) || \
defined(__AVR_ATmega88__) || \
defined(__AVR_ATmega168__) || \
defined(__AVR_ATmega328P__)
// use PWM from timer0A on PB3 (Arduino pin #6)
OCR0B = s;
#elif defined(__AVR_ATmega1280__) || defined(__AVR_ATmega2560__)
// on arduino mega, pin 6 is now PH3 (OC4A)
OCR3A = s;
#else
#error "This chip is not supported!"
#endif
}
AF_DCMotor::AF_DCMotor(uint8_t num, uint8_t freq) {
motornum = num;
pwmfreq = freq;
MC.enable();
switch (num) {
case 1:
latch_state &= ~_BV(MOTOR1_A) & ~_BV(MOTOR1_B); // set both motor pins to 0
MC.latch_tx();
initPWM1(freq);
break;
case 2:
latch_state &= ~_BV(MOTOR2_A) & ~_BV(MOTOR2_B); // set both motor pins to 0
MC.latch_tx();
initPWM2(freq);
break;
case 3:
latch_state &= ~_BV(MOTOR3_A) & ~_BV(MOTOR3_B); // set both motor pins to 0
MC.latch_tx();
initPWM3(freq);
break;
case 4:
latch_state &= ~_BV(MOTOR4_A) & ~_BV(MOTOR4_B); // set both motor pins to 0
MC.latch_tx();
initPWM4(freq);
break;
}
}
void AF_DCMotor::run(uint8_t cmd) {
uint8_t a, b;
switch (motornum) {
case 1:
a = MOTOR1_A; b = MOTOR1_B; break;
case 2:
a = MOTOR2_A; b = MOTOR2_B; break;
case 3:
a = MOTOR3_A; b = MOTOR3_B; break;
case 4:
a = MOTOR4_A; b = MOTOR4_B; break;
default:
return;
}
switch (cmd) {
case FORWARD:
latch_state |= _BV(a);
latch_state &= ~_BV(b);
MC.latch_tx();
break;
case BACKWARD:
latch_state &= ~_BV(a);
latch_state |= _BV(b);
MC.latch_tx();
break;
case RELEASE:
latch_state &= ~_BV(a);
latch_state &= ~_BV(b);
MC.latch_tx();
break;
}
}
void AF_DCMotor::setSpeed(uint8_t speed) {
switch (motornum) {
case 1:
setPWM1(speed); break;
case 2:
setPWM2(speed); break;
case 3:
setPWM3(speed); break;
case 4:
setPWM4(speed); break;
}
}
/******************************************
STEPPERS
******************************************/
AF_Stepper::AF_Stepper(uint16_t steps, uint8_t num) {
MC.enable();
revsteps = steps;
steppernum = num;
currentstep = 0;
if (steppernum == 1) {
latch_state &= ~_BV(MOTOR1_A) & ~_BV(MOTOR1_B) &
~_BV(MOTOR2_A) & ~_BV(MOTOR2_B); // all motor pins to 0
MC.latch_tx();
// enable both H bridges
pinMode(11, OUTPUT);
pinMode(3, OUTPUT);
digitalWrite(11, HIGH);
digitalWrite(3, HIGH);
// use PWM for microstepping support
initPWM1(MOTOR12_64KHZ);
initPWM2(MOTOR12_64KHZ);
setPWM1(255);
setPWM2(255);
} else if (steppernum == 2) {
latch_state &= ~_BV(MOTOR3_A) & ~_BV(MOTOR3_B) &
~_BV(MOTOR4_A) & ~_BV(MOTOR4_B); // all motor pins to 0
MC.latch_tx();
// enable both H bridges
pinMode(5, OUTPUT);
pinMode(6, OUTPUT);
digitalWrite(5, HIGH);
digitalWrite(6, HIGH);
// use PWM for microstepping support
// use PWM for microstepping support
initPWM3(1);
initPWM4(1);
setPWM3(255);
setPWM4(255);
}
}
void AF_Stepper::setSpeed(uint16_t rpm) {
usperstep = 60000000 / (revsteps * rpm);
steppingcounter = 0;
}
void AF_Stepper::release(void) {
if (steppernum == 1) {
latch_state &= ~_BV(MOTOR1_A) & ~_BV(MOTOR1_B) &
~_BV(MOTOR2_A) & ~_BV(MOTOR2_B); // all motor pins to 0
MC.latch_tx();
} else if (steppernum == 2) {
latch_state &= ~_BV(MOTOR3_A) & ~_BV(MOTOR3_B) &
~_BV(MOTOR4_A) & ~_BV(MOTOR4_B); // all motor pins to 0
MC.latch_tx();
}
}
void AF_Stepper::step(uint16_t steps, uint8_t dir, uint8_t style) {
uint32_t uspers = usperstep;
uint8_t ret = 0;
if (style == INTERLEAVE) {
uspers /= 2;
}
else if (style == MICROSTEP) {
uspers /= MICROSTEPS;
steps *= MICROSTEPS;
#ifdef MOTORDEBUG
Serial.print("steps = "); Serial.println(steps, DEC);
#endif
}
while (steps--) {
ret = onestep(dir, style);
delay(uspers/1000); // in ms
steppingcounter += (uspers % 1000);
if (steppingcounter >= 1000) {
delay(1);
steppingcounter -= 1000;
}
}
if (style == MICROSTEP) {
while ((ret != 0) && (ret != MICROSTEPS)) {
ret = onestep(dir, style);
delay(uspers/1000); // in ms
steppingcounter += (uspers % 1000);
if (steppingcounter >= 1000) {
delay(1);
steppingcounter -= 1000;
}
}
}
}
uint8_t AF_Stepper::onestep(uint8_t dir, uint8_t style) {
uint8_t a, b, c, d;
uint8_t ocrb, ocra;
ocra = ocrb = 255;
if (steppernum == 1) {
a = _BV(MOTOR1_A);
b = _BV(MOTOR2_A);
c = _BV(MOTOR1_B);
d = _BV(MOTOR2_B);
} else if (steppernum == 2) {
a = _BV(MOTOR3_A);
b = _BV(MOTOR4_A);
c = _BV(MOTOR3_B);
d = _BV(MOTOR4_B);
} else {
return 0;
}
// next determine what sort of stepping procedure we're up to
if (style == SINGLE) {
if ((currentstep/(MICROSTEPS/2)) % 2) { // we're at an odd step, weird
if (dir == FORWARD) {
currentstep += MICROSTEPS/2;
}
else {
currentstep -= MICROSTEPS/2;
}
} else { // go to the next even step
if (dir == FORWARD) {
currentstep += MICROSTEPS;
}
else {
currentstep -= MICROSTEPS;
}
}
} else if (style == DOUBLE) {
if (! (currentstep/(MICROSTEPS/2) % 2)) { // we're at an even step, weird
if (dir == FORWARD) {
currentstep += MICROSTEPS/2;
} else {
currentstep -= MICROSTEPS/2;
}
} else { // go to the next odd step
if (dir == FORWARD) {
currentstep += MICROSTEPS;
} else {
currentstep -= MICROSTEPS;
}
}
} else if (style == INTERLEAVE) {
if (dir == FORWARD) {
currentstep += MICROSTEPS/2;
} else {
currentstep -= MICROSTEPS/2;
}
}
if (style == MICROSTEP) {
if (dir == FORWARD) {
currentstep++;
} else {
// BACKWARDS
currentstep--;
}
currentstep += MICROSTEPS*4;
currentstep %= MICROSTEPS*4;
ocra = ocrb = 0;
if ( (currentstep >= 0) && (currentstep < MICROSTEPS)) {
ocra = microstepcurve[MICROSTEPS - currentstep];
ocrb = microstepcurve[currentstep];
} else if ( (currentstep >= MICROSTEPS) && (currentstep < MICROSTEPS*2)) {
ocra = microstepcurve[currentstep - MICROSTEPS];
ocrb = microstepcurve[MICROSTEPS*2 - currentstep];
} else if ( (currentstep >= MICROSTEPS*2) && (currentstep < MICROSTEPS*3)) {
ocra = microstepcurve[MICROSTEPS*3 - currentstep];
ocrb = microstepcurve[currentstep - MICROSTEPS*2];
} else if ( (currentstep >= MICROSTEPS*3) && (currentstep < MICROSTEPS*4)) {
ocra = microstepcurve[currentstep - MICROSTEPS*3];
ocrb = microstepcurve[MICROSTEPS*4 - currentstep];
}
}
currentstep += MICROSTEPS*4;
currentstep %= MICROSTEPS*4;
#ifdef MOTORDEBUG
Serial.print("current step: "); Serial.println(currentstep, DEC);
Serial.print(" pwmA = "); Serial.print(ocra, DEC);
Serial.print(" pwmB = "); Serial.println(ocrb, DEC);
#endif
if (steppernum == 1) {
setPWM1(ocra);
setPWM2(ocrb);
} else if (steppernum == 2) {
setPWM3(ocra);
setPWM4(ocrb);
}
// release all
latch_state &= ~a & ~b & ~c & ~d; // all motor pins to 0
//Serial.println(step, DEC);
if (style == MICROSTEP) {
if ((currentstep >= 0) && (currentstep < MICROSTEPS))
latch_state |= a | b;
if ((currentstep >= MICROSTEPS) && (currentstep < MICROSTEPS*2))
latch_state |= b | c;
if ((currentstep >= MICROSTEPS*2) && (currentstep < MICROSTEPS*3))
latch_state |= c | d;
if ((currentstep >= MICROSTEPS*3) && (currentstep < MICROSTEPS*4))
latch_state |= d | a;
} else {
switch (currentstep/(MICROSTEPS/2)) {
case 0:
latch_state |= a; // energize coil 1 only
break;
case 1:
latch_state |= a | b; // energize coil 1+2
break;
case 2:
latch_state |= b; // energize coil 2 only
break;
case 3:
latch_state |= b | c; // energize coil 2+3
break;
case 4:
latch_state |= c; // energize coil 3 only
break;
case 5:
latch_state |= c | d; // energize coil 3+4
break;
case 6:
latch_state |= d; // energize coil 4 only
break;
case 7:
latch_state |= d | a; // energize coil 1+4
break;
}
}
MC.latch_tx();
return currentstep;
}

+ 104
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libraries/AFMotor/AFMotor.h View File

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// Adafruit Motor shield library
// copyright Adafruit Industries LLC, 2009
// this code is public domain, enjoy!
#ifndef _AFMotor_h_
#define _AFMotor_h_
#include <inttypes.h>
#include <avr/io.h>
//#define MOTORDEBUG 1
#define MICROSTEPS 16 // 8 or 16
#define MOTOR12_64KHZ _BV(CS20) // no prescale
#define MOTOR12_8KHZ _BV(CS21) // divide by 8
#define MOTOR12_2KHZ _BV(CS21) | _BV(CS20) // divide by 32
#define MOTOR12_1KHZ _BV(CS22) // divide by 64
#define MOTOR34_64KHZ _BV(CS00) // no prescale
#define MOTOR34_8KHZ _BV(CS01) // divide by 8
#define MOTOR34_1KHZ _BV(CS01) | _BV(CS00) // divide by 64
#define MOTOR1_A 2
#define MOTOR1_B 3
#define MOTOR2_A 1
#define MOTOR2_B 4
#define MOTOR4_A 0
#define MOTOR4_B 6
#define MOTOR3_A 5
#define MOTOR3_B 7
#define FORWARD 1
#define BACKWARD 2
#define BRAKE 3
#define RELEASE 4
#define SINGLE 1
#define DOUBLE 2
#define INTERLEAVE 3
#define MICROSTEP 4
/*
#define LATCH 4
#define LATCH_DDR DDRB
#define LATCH_PORT PORTB
#define CLK_PORT PORTD
#define CLK_DDR DDRD
#define CLK 4
#define ENABLE_PORT PORTD
#define ENABLE_DDR DDRD
#define ENABLE 7
#define SER 0
#define SER_DDR DDRB
#define SER_PORT PORTB
*/
// Arduino pin names
#define MOTORLATCH 12
#define MOTORCLK 4
#define MOTORENABLE 7
#define MOTORDATA 8
class AFMotorController
{
public:
AFMotorController(void);
void enable(void);
friend class AF_DCMotor;
void latch_tx(void);
};
class AF_DCMotor
{
public:
AF_DCMotor(uint8_t motornum, uint8_t freq = MOTOR34_8KHZ);
void run(uint8_t);
void setSpeed(uint8_t);
private:
uint8_t motornum, pwmfreq;
};
class AF_Stepper {
public:
AF_Stepper(uint16_t, uint8_t);
void step(uint16_t steps, uint8_t dir, uint8_t style = SINGLE);
void setSpeed(uint16_t);
uint8_t onestep(uint8_t dir, uint8_t style);
void release(void);
uint16_t revsteps; // # steps per revolution
uint8_t steppernum;
uint32_t usperstep, steppingcounter;
private:
uint8_t currentstep;
};
uint8_t getlatchstate(void);
#endif

+ 5
- 0
libraries/AFMotor/README.txt View File

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This is the August 12, 2009 Adafruit Motor shield firmware with basic Microstepping support. Works with all Arduinos and the Mega
For more information on the shield, please visit http://www.ladyada.net/make/mshield/
To install, click DOWNLOAD SOURCE in the top right corner, and see our tutorial at http://www.ladyada.net/library/arduino/libraries.html on Arduino Library installation

+ 60
- 0
libraries/AFMotor/examples/MotorParty/MotorParty.pde View File

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// Adafruit Motor shield library
// copyright Adafruit Industries LLC, 2009
// this code is public domain, enjoy!
#include <AFMotor.h>
#include <ServoTimer1.h>
// DC motor on M2
AF_DCMotor motor(2);
// DC hobby servo
ServoTimer1 servo1;
// Stepper motor on M3+M4 48 steps per revolution
AF_Stepper stepper(48, 2);
void setup() {
Serial.begin(9600); // set up Serial library at 9600 bps
Serial.println("Motor party!");
// turn on servo
servo1.attach(9);
// turn on motor #2
motor.setSpeed(200);
motor.run(RELEASE);
}
int i;
// Test the DC motor, stepper and servo ALL AT ONCE!
void loop() {
motor.run(FORWARD);
for (i=0; i<255; i++) {
servo1.write(i);
motor.setSpeed(i);
stepper.step(1, FORWARD, INTERLEAVE);
delay(3);
}
for (i=255; i!=0; i--) {
servo1.write(i-255);
motor.setSpeed(i);
stepper.step(1, BACKWARD, INTERLEAVE);
delay(3);
}
motor.run(BACKWARD);
for (i=0; i<255; i++) {
servo1.write(i);
motor.setSpeed(i);
delay(3);
stepper.step(1, FORWARD, DOUBLE);
}
for (i=255; i!=0; i--) {
servo1.write(i-255);
motor.setSpeed(i);
stepper.step(1, BACKWARD, DOUBLE);
delay(3);
}
}

+ 52
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libraries/AFMotor/examples/MotorTest/MotorTest.pde View File

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// Adafruit Motor shield library
// copyright Adafruit Industries LLC, 2009
// this code is public domain, enjoy!
#include <AFMotor.h>
AF_DCMotor motor(4);
void setup() {
Serial.begin(9600); // set up Serial library at 9600 bps
Serial.println("Motor test!");
// turn on motor
motor.setSpeed(200);
motor.run(RELEASE);
}
void loop() {
uint8_t i;
Serial.print("tick");
motor.run(FORWARD);
for (i=0; i<255; i++) {
motor.setSpeed(i);
delay(10);
}
for (i=255; i!=0; i--) {
motor.setSpeed(i);
delay(10);
}
Serial.print("tock");
motor.run(BACKWARD);
for (i=0; i<255; i++) {
motor.setSpeed(i);
delay(10);
}
for (i=255; i!=0; i--) {
motor.setSpeed(i);
delay(10);
}
Serial.print("tech");
motor.run(RELEASE);
delay(1000);
}

+ 34
- 0
libraries/AFMotor/examples/StepperTest/StepperTest.pde View File

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// Adafruit Motor shield library
// copyright Adafruit Industries LLC, 2009
// this code is public domain, enjoy!
#include <AFMotor.h>
// Connect a stepper motor with 48 steps per revolution (7.5 degree)
// to motor port #2 (M3 and M4)
AF_Stepper motor(48, 2);
void setup() {
Serial.begin(9600); // set up Serial library at 9600 bps
Serial.println("Stepper test!");
motor.setSpeed(10); // 10 rpm
}
void loop() {
Serial.println("Single coil steps");
motor.step(100, FORWARD, SINGLE);
motor.step(100, BACKWARD, SINGLE);
Serial.println("Double coil steps");
motor.step(100, FORWARD, DOUBLE);
motor.step(100, BACKWARD, DOUBLE);
Serial.println("Interleave coil steps");
motor.step(100, FORWARD, INTERLEAVE);
motor.step(100, BACKWARD, INTERLEAVE);
Serial.println("Micrsostep steps");
motor.step(100, FORWARD, MICROSTEP);
motor.step(100, BACKWARD, MICROSTEP);
}

+ 35
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libraries/AFMotor/keywords.txt View File

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#######################################
# Syntax Coloring Map for AFMotor
#######################################
#######################################
# Datatypes (KEYWORD1)
#######################################
AF_DCMotor KEYWORD1
AF_Stepper KEYWORD1
#######################################
# Methods and Functions (KEYWORD2)
#######################################
enable KEYWORD2
run KEYWORD2
setSpeed KEYWORD2
step KEYWORD2
onestep KEYWORD2
release KEYWORD2
#######################################
# Constants (LITERAL1)
#######################################
MICROSTEPPING LITERAL1
FORWARD LITERAL1
BACKWARD LITERAL1
BRAKE LITERAL1
RELEASE LITERAL1
SINGLE LITERAL1
DOUBLE LITERAL1
INTERLEAVE LITERAL1
MICROSTEP LITERAL1

+ 624
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libraries/AccelStepper/AccelStepper.cpp View File

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// AccelStepper.cpp
//
// Copyright (C) 2009-2013 Mike McCauley
// $Id: AccelStepper.cpp,v 1.17 2013/08/02 01:53:21 mikem Exp mikem $
#include "AccelStepper.h"
#if 0
// Some debugging assistance
void dump(uint8_t* p, int l)
{
int i;
for (i = 0; i < l; i++)
{
Serial.print(p[i], HEX);
Serial.print(" ");
}
Serial.println("");
}
#endif
void AccelStepper::moveTo(long absolute)
{
if (_targetPos != absolute)
{
_targetPos = absolute;
computeNewSpeed();
// compute new n?
}
}
void AccelStepper::move(long relative)
{
moveTo(_currentPos + relative);
}
// Implements steps according to the current step interval
// You must call this at least once per step
// returns true if a step occurred
boolean AccelStepper::runSpeed()
{
// Dont do anything unless we actually have a step interval
if (!_stepInterval)
return false;
unsigned long time = micros();
// Gymnastics to detect wrapping of either the nextStepTime and/or the current time
unsigned long nextStepTime = _lastStepTime + _stepInterval;
if ( ((nextStepTime >= _lastStepTime) && ((time >= nextStepTime) || (time < _lastStepTime)))
|| ((nextStepTime < _lastStepTime) && ((time >= nextStepTime) && (time < _lastStepTime))))
{
if (_direction == DIRECTION_CW)
{
// Clockwise
_currentPos += 1;
}
else
{
// Anticlockwise
_currentPos -= 1;
}
step(_currentPos);
_lastStepTime = time;
return true;
}
else
{
return false;
}
}
long AccelStepper::distanceToGo()
{
return _targetPos - _currentPos;
}
long AccelStepper::targetPosition()
{
return _targetPos;
}
long AccelStepper::currentPosition()
{
return _currentPos;
}
// Useful during initialisations or after initial positioning
// Sets speed to 0
void AccelStepper::setCurrentPosition(long position)
{
_targetPos = _currentPos = position;
_n = 0;
_stepInterval = 0;
}
void AccelStepper::computeNewSpeed()
{
long distanceTo = distanceToGo(); // +ve is clockwise from curent location
long stepsToStop = (long)((_speed * _speed) / (2.0 * _acceleration)); // Equation 16
if (distanceTo == 0 && stepsToStop <= 1)
{
// We are at the target and its time to stop
_stepInterval = 0;
_speed = 0.0;
_n = 0;
return;
}
if (distanceTo > 0)
{
// We are anticlockwise from the target
// Need to go clockwise from here, maybe decelerate now
if (_n > 0)
{
// Currently accelerating, need to decel now? Or maybe going the wrong way?
if ((stepsToStop >= distanceTo) || _direction == DIRECTION_CCW)
_n = -stepsToStop; // Start deceleration
}
else if (_n < 0)
{
// Currently decelerating, need to accel again?
if ((stepsToStop < distanceTo) && _direction == DIRECTION_CW)
_n = -_n; // Start accceleration
}
}
else if (distanceTo < 0)
{
// We are clockwise from the target
// Need to go anticlockwise from here, maybe decelerate
if (_n > 0)
{
// Currently accelerating, need to decel now? Or maybe going the wrong way?
if ((stepsToStop >= -distanceTo) || _direction == DIRECTION_CW)
_n = -stepsToStop; // Start deceleration
}
else if (_n < 0)
{
// Currently decelerating, need to accel again?
if ((stepsToStop < -distanceTo) && _direction == DIRECTION_CCW)
_n = -_n; // Start accceleration
}
}
// Need to accelerate or decelerate
if (_n == 0)
{
// First step from stopped
_cn = _c0;
_direction = (distanceTo > 0) ? DIRECTION_CW : DIRECTION_CCW;
}
else
{
// Subsequent step. Works for accel (n is +_ve) and decel (n is -ve).
_cn = _cn - ((2.0 * _cn) / ((4.0 * _n) + 1)); // Equation 13
_cn = max(_cn, _cmin);
}
_n++;
_stepInterval = _cn;
_speed = 1000000.0 / _cn;
if (_direction == DIRECTION_CCW)
_speed = -_speed;
#if 0
Serial.println(_speed);
Serial.println(_acceleration);
Serial.println(_cn);
Serial.println(_c0);
Serial.println(_n);
Serial.println(_stepInterval);
Serial.println(distanceTo);
Serial.println(stepsToStop);
Serial.println("-----");
#endif
}
// Run the motor to implement speed and acceleration in order to proceed to the target position
// You must call this at least once per step, preferably in your main loop
// If the motor is in the desired position, the cost is very small
// returns true if the motor is still running to the target position.
boolean AccelStepper::run()
{
if (runSpeed())
computeNewSpeed();
return _speed != 0.0 || distanceToGo() != 0;
}
AccelStepper::AccelStepper(uint8_t interface, uint8_t pin1, uint8_t pin2, uint8_t pin3, uint8_t pin4, bool enable)
{
_interface = interface;
_currentPos = 0;
_targetPos = 0;
_speed = 0.0;
_maxSpeed = 1.0;
_acceleration = 1.0;
_sqrt_twoa = 1.0;
_stepInterval = 0;
_minPulseWidth = 1;
_enablePin = 0xff;
_lastStepTime = 0;
_pin[0] = pin1;
_pin[1] = pin2;
_pin[2] = pin3;
_pin[3] = pin4;
// NEW
_n = 0;
_c0 = 0.0;
_cn = 0.0;
_cmin = 1.0;
_direction = DIRECTION_CCW;
int i;
for (i = 0; i < 4; i++)
_pinInverted[i] = 0;
if (enable)
enableOutputs();
}
AccelStepper::AccelStepper(void (*forward)(), void (*backward)())
{
_interface = 0;
_currentPos = 0;
_targetPos = 0;
_speed = 0.0;
_maxSpeed = 1.0;
_acceleration = 1.0;
_sqrt_twoa = 1.0;
_stepInterval = 0;
_minPulseWidth = 1;
_enablePin = 0xff;
_lastStepTime = 0;
_pin[0] = 0;
_pin[1] = 0;
_pin[2] = 0;
_pin[3] = 0;
_forward = forward;
_backward = backward;
// NEW
_n = 0;
_c0 = 0.0;
_cn = 0.0;
_cmin = 1.0;
_direction = DIRECTION_CCW;
int i;
for (i = 0; i < 4; i++)
_pinInverted[i] = 0;
}
void AccelStepper::setMaxSpeed(float speed)
{
if (_maxSpeed != speed)
{
_maxSpeed = speed;
_cmin = 1000000.0 / speed;
// Recompute _n from current speed and adjust speed if accelerating or cruising
if (_n > 0)
{
_n = (long)((_speed * _speed) / (2.0 * _acceleration)); // Equation 16
computeNewSpeed();
}
}
}
void AccelStepper::setAcceleration(float acceleration)
{
if (acceleration == 0.0)
return;
if (_acceleration != acceleration)
{
// Recompute _n per Equation 17
_n = _n * (_acceleration / acceleration);
// New c0 per Equation 7
_c0 = sqrt(2.0 / acceleration) * 1000000.0;
_acceleration = acceleration;
computeNewSpeed();
}
}
void AccelStepper::setSpeed(float speed)
{
if (speed == _speed)
return;
speed = constrain(speed, -_maxSpeed, _maxSpeed);
if (speed == 0.0)
_stepInterval = 0;
else
{
_stepInterval = fabs(1000000.0 / speed);
_direction = (speed > 0.0) ? DIRECTION_CW : DIRECTION_CCW;
}
_speed = speed;
}
float AccelStepper::speed()
{
return _speed;
}
// Subclasses can override
void AccelStepper::step(long step)
{
switch (_interface)
{
case FUNCTION:
step0(step);
break;
case DRIVER:
step1(step);
break;
case FULL2WIRE:
step2(step);
break;
case FULL3WIRE:
step3(step);
break;
case FULL4WIRE:
step4(step);
break;
case HALF3WIRE:
step6(step);
break;
case HALF4WIRE:
step8(step);
break;
}
}
// You might want to override this to implement eg serial output
// bit 0 of the mask corresponds to _pin[0]
// bit 1 of the mask corresponds to _pin[1]
// ....
void AccelStepper::setOutputPins(uint8_t mask)
{
uint8_t numpins = 2;
if (_interface == FULL4WIRE || _interface == HALF4WIRE)
numpins = 4;
uint8_t i;
for (i = 0; i < numpins; i++)
digitalWrite(_pin[i], (mask & (1 << i)) ? (HIGH ^ _pinInverted[i]) : (LOW ^ _pinInverted[i]));
}
// 0 pin step function (ie for functional usage)
void AccelStepper::step0(long step)
{
if (_speed > 0)
_forward();
else
_backward();
}
// 1 pin step function (ie for stepper drivers)
// This is passed the current step number (0 to 7)
// Subclasses can override
void AccelStepper::step1(long step)
{
// _pin[0] is step, _pin[1] is direction
setOutputPins(_direction ? 0b10 : 0b00); // Set direction first else get rogue pulses
setOutputPins(_direction ? 0b11 : 0b01); // step HIGH
// Caution 200ns setup time
// Delay the minimum allowed pulse width
delayMicroseconds(_minPulseWidth);
setOutputPins(_direction ? 0b10 : 0b00); // step LOW
}
// 2 pin step function
// This is passed the current step number (0 to 7)
// Subclasses can override
void AccelStepper::step2(long step)
{
switch (step & 0x3)
{
case 0: /* 01 */
setOutputPins(0b10);
break;
case 1: /* 11 */
setOutputPins(0b11);
break;
case 2: /* 10 */
setOutputPins(0b01);
break;
case 3: /* 00 */
setOutputPins(0b00);
break;
}
}
// 3 pin step function
// This is passed the current step number (0 to 7)
// Subclasses can override
void AccelStepper::step3(long step)
{
switch (step % 3)
{
case 0: // 100
setOutputPins(0b100);
break;
case 1: // 001
setOutputPins(0b001);
break;
case 2: //010
setOutputPins(0b010);
break;
}
}
// 4 pin step function for half stepper
// This is passed the current step number (0 to 7)
// Subclasses can override
void AccelStepper::step4(long step)
{
switch (step & 0x3)
{
case 0: // 1010
setOutputPins(0b0101);
break;
case 1: // 0110
setOutputPins(0b0110);
break;
case 2: //0101
setOutputPins(0b1010);
break;
case 3: //1001
setOutputPins(0b1001);
break;
}
}
// 3 pin half step function
// This is passed the current step number (0 to 7)
// Subclasses can override
void AccelStepper::step6(long step)
{
switch (step % 6)
{
case 0: // 100
setOutputPins(0b100);
break;
case 1: // 101
setOutputPins(0b101);
break;
case 2: // 001
setOutputPins(0b001);
break;
case 3: // 011
setOutputPins(0b011);
break;
case 4: // 010
setOutputPins(0b010);
break;
case 5: // 011
setOutputPins(0b110);
break;
}
}
// 4 pin half step function
// This is passed the current step number (0 to 7)
// Subclasses can override
void AccelStepper::step8(long step)
{
switch (step & 0x7)
{
case 0: // 1000
setOutputPins(0b0001);
break;
case 1: // 1010
setOutputPins(0b0101);
break;
case 2: // 0010
setOutputPins(0b0100);
break;
case 3: // 0110
setOutputPins(0b0110);
break;
case 4: // 0100
setOutputPins(0b0010);
break;
case 5: //0101
setOutputPins(0b1010);
break;
case 6: // 0001
setOutputPins(0b1000);
break;
case 7: //1001
setOutputPins(0b1001);
break;
}
}
// Prevents power consumption on the outputs
void AccelStepper::disableOutputs()
{
if (! _interface) return;
setOutputPins(0); // Handles inversion automatically
if (_enablePin != 0xff)
digitalWrite(_enablePin, LOW ^ _enableInverted);
}
void AccelStepper::enableOutputs()
{
if (! _interface)
return;
pinMode(_pin[0], OUTPUT);
pinMode(_pin[1], OUTPUT);
if (_interface == FULL4WIRE || _interface == HALF4WIRE)
{
pinMode(_pin[2], OUTPUT);
pinMode(_pin[3], OUTPUT);
}
if (_enablePin != 0xff)
{
pinMode(_enablePin, OUTPUT);
digitalWrite(_enablePin, HIGH ^ _enableInverted);
}
}
void AccelStepper::setMinPulseWidth(unsigned int minWidth)
{
_minPulseWidth = minWidth;
}
void AccelStepper::setEnablePin(uint8_t enablePin)
{
_enablePin = enablePin;
// This happens after construction, so init pin now.
if (_enablePin != 0xff)
{
pinMode(_enablePin, OUTPUT);
digitalWrite(_enablePin, HIGH ^ _enableInverted);
}
}
void AccelStepper::setPinsInverted(bool directionInvert, bool stepInvert, bool enableInvert)
{
_pinInverted[0] = stepInvert;
_pinInverted[1] = directionInvert;
_enableInverted = enableInvert;
}
void AccelStepper::setPinsInverted(bool pin1Invert, bool pin2Invert, bool pin3Invert, bool pin4Invert, bool enableInvert)
{
_pinInverted[0] = pin1Invert;
_pinInverted[1] = pin2Invert;
_pinInverted[2] = pin3Invert;
_pinInverted[3] = pin4Invert;
_enableInverted = enableInvert;
}
// Blocks until the target position is reached and stopped
void AccelStepper::runToPosition()
{
while (run())
;
}
boolean AccelStepper::runSpeedToPosition()
{
if (_targetPos == _currentPos)
return false;
if (_targetPos >_currentPos)
_direction = DIRECTION_CW;
else
_direction = DIRECTION_CCW;
return runSpeed();
}
// Blocks until the new target position is reached
void AccelStepper::runToNewPosition(long position)
{
moveTo(position);
runToPosition();
}
void AccelStepper::stop()
{
if (_speed != 0.0)
{
long stepsToStop = (long)((_speed * _speed) / (2.0 * _acceleration)) + 1; // Equation 16 (+integer rounding)
if (_speed > 0)
move(stepsToStop);
else
move(-stepsToStop);
}
}

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libraries/AccelStepper/AccelStepper.h View File

@ -0,0 +1,620 @@
// AccelStepper.h
//
/// \mainpage AccelStepper library for Arduino
///
/// This is the Arduino AccelStepper library.
/// It provides an object-oriented interface for 2, 3 or 4 pin stepper motors.
///
/// The standard Arduino IDE includes the Stepper library
/// (http://arduino.cc/en/Reference/Stepper) for stepper motors. It is
/// perfectly adequate for simple, single motor applications.
///
/// AccelStepper significantly improves on the standard Arduino Stepper library in several ways:
/// \li Supports acceleration and deceleration
/// \li Supports multiple simultaneous steppers, with independent concurrent stepping on each stepper
/// \li API functions never delay() or block
/// \li Supports 2, 3 and 4 wire steppers, plus 3 and 4 wire half steppers.
/// \li Supports alternate stepping functions to enable support of AFMotor (https://github.com/adafruit/Adafruit-Motor-Shield-library)
/// \li Supports stepper drivers such as the Sparkfun EasyDriver (based on 3967 driver chip)
/// \li Very slow speeds are supported
/// \li Extensive API
/// \li Subclass support
///
/// The latest version of this documentation can be downloaded from
/// http://www.airspayce.com/mikem/arduino/AccelStepper
/// The version of the package that this documentation refers to can be downloaded
/// from http://www.airspayce.com/mikem/arduino/AccelStepper/AccelStepper-1.38.zip
///
/// Example Arduino programs are included to show the main modes of use.
///
/// You can also find online help and discussion at http://groups.google.com/group/accelstepper
/// Please use that group for all questions and discussions on this topic.
/// Do not contact the author directly, unless it is to discuss commercial licensing.
///
/// Tested on Arduino Diecimila and Mega with arduino-0018 & arduino-0021
/// on OpenSuSE 11.1 and avr-libc-1.6.1-1.15,
/// cross-avr-binutils-2.19-9.1, cross-avr-gcc-4.1.3_20080612-26.5.
///
/// \par Installation
/// Install in the usual way: unzip the distribution zip file to the libraries
/// sub-folder of your sketchbook.
///
/// \par Theory
/// This code uses speed calculations as described in
/// "Generate stepper-motor speed profiles in real time" by David Austin
/// http://fab.cba.mit.edu/classes/MIT/961.09/projects/i0/Stepper_Motor_Speed_Profile.pdf
/// with the exception that AccelStepper uses steps per second rather than radians per second
/// (because we dont know the step angle of the motor)
/// An initial step interval is calculated for the first step, based on the desired acceleration
/// On subsequent steps, shorter step intervals are calculated based
/// on the previous step until max speed is achieved.
///
/// This software is Copyright (C) 2010 Mike McCauley. Use is subject to license
/// conditions. The main licensing options available are GPL V2 or Commercial:
///
/// \par Open Source Licensing GPL V2
/// This is the appropriate option if you want to share the source code of your
/// application with everyone you distribute it to, and you also want to give them
/// the right to share who uses it. If you wish to use this software under Open
/// Source Licensing, you must contribute all your source code to the open source
/// community in accordance with the GPL Version 2 when your application is
/// distributed. See http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/gpl.html
///
/// \par Commercial Licensing
/// This is the appropriate option if you are creating proprietary applications
/// and you are not prepared to distribute and share the source code of your
/// application. Contact info@airspayce.com for details.
///
/// \par Revision History
/// \version 1.0 Initial release
///
/// \version 1.1 Added speed() function to get the current speed.
/// \version 1.2 Added runSpeedToPosition() submitted by Gunnar Arndt.
/// \version 1.3 Added support for stepper drivers (ie with Step and Direction inputs) with _pins == 1
/// \version 1.4 Added functional contructor to support AFMotor, contributed by Limor, with example sketches.
/// \version 1.5 Improvements contributed by Peter Mousley: Use of microsecond steps and other speed improvements
/// to increase max stepping speed to about 4kHz. New option for user to set the min allowed pulse width.
/// Added checks for already running at max speed and skip further calcs if so.
/// \version 1.6 Fixed a problem with wrapping of microsecond stepping that could cause stepping to hang.
/// Reported by Sandy Noble.
/// Removed redundant _lastRunTime member.
/// \version 1.7 Fixed a bug where setCurrentPosition() did not always work as expected.
/// Reported by Peter Linhart.
/// \version 1.8 Added support for 4 pin half-steppers, requested by Harvey Moon
/// \version 1.9 setCurrentPosition() now also sets motor speed to 0.
/// \version 1.10 Builds on Arduino 1.0
/// \version 1.11 Improvments from Michael Ellison:
/// Added optional enable line support for stepper drivers
/// Added inversion for step/direction/enable lines for stepper drivers
/// \version 1.12 Announce Google Group
/// \version 1.13 Improvements to speed calculation. Cost of calculation is now less in the worst case,
/// and more or less constant in all cases. This should result in slightly beter high speed performance, and
/// reduce anomalous speed glitches when other steppers are accelerating.
/// However, its hard to see how to replace the sqrt() required at the very first step from 0 speed.
/// \version 1.14 Fixed a problem with compiling under arduino 0021 reported by EmbeddedMan
/// \version 1.15 Fixed a problem with runSpeedToPosition which did not correctly handle
/// running backwards to a smaller target position. Added examples
/// \version 1.16 Fixed some cases in the code where abs() was used instead of fabs().
/// \version 1.17 Added example ProportionalControl
/// \version 1.18 Fixed a problem: If one calls the funcion runSpeed() when Speed is zero, it makes steps
/// without counting. reported by Friedrich, Klappenbach.
/// \version 1.19 Added MotorInterfaceType and symbolic names for the number of pins to use
/// for the motor interface. Updated examples to suit.
/// Replaced individual pin assignment variables _pin1, _pin2 etc with array _pin[4].
/// _pins member changed to _interface.
/// Added _pinInverted array to simplify pin inversion operations.
/// Added new function setOutputPins() which sets the motor output pins.
/// It can be overridden in order to provide, say, serial output instead of parallel output
/// Some refactoring and code size reduction.
/// \version 1.20 Improved documentation and examples to show need for correctly
/// specifying AccelStepper::FULL4WIRE and friends.
/// \version 1.21 Fixed a problem where desiredSpeed could compute the wrong step acceleration
/// when _speed was small but non-zero. Reported by Brian Schmalz.
/// Precompute sqrt_twoa to improve performance and max possible stepping speed
/// \version 1.22 Added Bounce.pde example
/// Fixed a problem where calling moveTo(), setMaxSpeed(), setAcceleration() more
/// frequently than the step time, even
/// with the same values, would interfere with speed calcs. Now a new speed is computed
/// only if there was a change in the set value. Reported by Brian Schmalz.
/// \version 1.23 Rewrite of the speed algorithms in line with
/// http://fab.cba.mit.edu/classes/MIT/961.09/projects/i0/Stepper_Motor_Speed_Profile.pdf
/// Now expect smoother and more linear accelerations and decelerations. The desiredSpeed()
/// function was removed.
/// \version 1.24 Fixed a problem introduced in 1.23: with runToPosition, which did never returned
/// \version 1.25 Now ignore attempts to set acceleration to 0.0
/// \version 1.26 Fixed a problem where certina combinations of speed and accelration could cause
/// oscillation about the target position.
/// \version 1.27 Added stop() function to stop as fast as possible with current acceleration parameters.
/// Also added new Quickstop example showing its use.
/// \version 1.28 Fixed another problem where certain combinations of speed and accelration could cause
/// oscillation about the target position.
/// Added support for 3 wire full and half steppers such as Hard Disk Drive spindle.
/// Contributed by Yuri Ivatchkovitch.
/// \version 1.29 Fixed a problem that could cause a DRIVER stepper to continually step
/// with some sketches. Reported by Vadim.
/// \version 1.30 Fixed a problem that could cause stepper to back up a few steps at the end of
/// accelerated travel with certain speeds. Reported and patched by jolo.